Gun violence is committing acts of violence with the use of a firearm. Studies have found a positive link between suicide, murder, and gun ownership. Among developed countries, the United States has the highest number of gun deaths per capita. They also have the highest number of people with guns. Laws and policies are in place to regulate the manufacture, sale, and possession of guns and firearms by US citizens.
Neighborhoods struggling with poverty, poor schools, and unemployment have more instances of gun violence than other states. Intense racial disparity is also a contributing factor to gun violence. Lauren Krivo, a sociologist who studies the geography of race and crime, argues that violence is not caused by race but by racial conditions that are racially unjust.
Black men are primarily the victims of gun murders in cities that experience a large number of gun murders, which has also persisted for some time. That’s according to FBI data. A George Mason University researcher on the geographic distribution of crime, David Weisbard, said the problem cannot be solved if it is approached as a big global problem where money is invested globally.
Rather, it must be seen as a state problem where states with a higher rate of gun violence have first priority. That is because much of the gun violence in the United States occurs in small, predictable places. The violence is triggered by a group of high-risk individuals and is random. This is the first time the Census Tractor Trailer has been used in the United States to map gun murders on a national scale. The Gun Violence Archive uses media reports to track deaths and shootings. The FBI’s National Crime Reports provide gun violence statistics only at the city level, which dwarfs violence in neighborhoods.
Both conservatives and liberals have argued that extreme social trends are the main causes of gun violence. Government failures, cultural violence, and toxic dynamics in marginalized families are the causes of this violence according to conservatives. As a result, racism, historical oppression, inadequate opportunity, and the availability of guns lead to violence according to liberals.
To address violence, both liberals and conservatives believe that intervening and bringing about change is beyond their reach. Researchers say the extent of gun violence in the United States can be compared to a contagious disease that spreads rapidly. The risk factors are poverty and inequality, and the most at risk are demographic groups, as violence spreads like a virus from person to person.
Solutions to gun violence
One of the best approaches to preventing violence is to target those who use guns to harm others and themselves and find ways to reduce it. These are high-risk people, although the numbers are small. Proposals have been made after many high-profile incidents, such as banning military-grade assault weapons.
While it may work, it can only save a small number of people and therefore does not make a big difference. Local programs have reduced gang-related violence by 20-40%, so communities should request more funding for these programs. Limiting ammunition capacity, investing in response programs and threat assessment programs has proven to be more effective.
New York State passed a law requiring mental health professionals to report to the state database anyone deemed dangerous to themselves or others. Some cities have done an analysis of gun violence and found that a small number of people are responsible for gun violence. One example is Oakland, where about 1000 members of a few active groups were responsible for the violence.
Direct communication with these youths with some assistance in law enforcement regulations has resulted in a rapid decrease in gun violence cases. In Boston, there has been a 63% reduction in homicide rates. This strategy was effective because of coordination between community members and the police department in violence-affected neighborhoods. The strategy has been implemented in other states across the country and, with sufficient funding, can be an effective way to reduce gun violence.
Another solution is for the government to establish strict laws. According to FBI data from the Associated Press analysis, 760 US citizens are killed with guns by their wives or husbands. The data also shows that most of the victims are women. The shooting could end in the death of both victims, as most are domestic violence shootings.
Gun Violence in the United States at alarming rates.
Laws, which were put in place to target domestic abusers, do little to help victims, as most of them have a modest effect. Results of three studies found that there was a reduction in the number of gun violence-related deaths in states that put strict laws in place. Each year, these states have seen fewer and fewer gun-related murders.
In the United States, states with higher gun ownership have experienced a high rate of gun-related suicides. Suicide is an impulsive act for many people. Ease of access to a gun or firearm can be very dangerous in times of crisis.
The Armory Project aims to use people, not the law, to address the associated risks. “A friend doesn’t allow their friend to drive while drunk” and in a crisis “a person can hold their friend’s gun for a while, talk to them and counsel them, then they can give the gun back and there will be no stigma. “, said Eddie Cutler, president of Gun Owners of Vermont. Although no research has been done on how Project Armory worked, participants in this program are optimistic that the approach has brought people together across party lines.
Although rare, mass shootings are very difficult to predict. Most perpetrators have characteristics of mental problems, confusion, and anger. Mental health professionals and law enforcement can communicate with schools and offer assistance in making the connection between risk behaviors and crises. Schools and families of school shooting victims can work to educate students to be aware of the risks and potential threats of violence.